non and conditionally essential amino acids

Alanine
  • Converts glucose to energy
  • Removes toxins / supports liver detoxification
  • Helps regulate nitrogen / glucose balance in body
Asparagine Helps body get rid of ammonia
Aspartic Acid Required for neurotransmitters
Cysteine
  • Anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant
  • Methyl donor in many body processes, including detoxification and converting homocysteine to methionine (homocysteine involved in inflammation in the body, thus more cysteine, better regulation of inflammatory conditions)
  • Sulfur donor in phase 2 liver detoxification sulfation process (hydrolysis of heavy metals)
  • Helps synthesize glutathione (important for anti-oxidant defense and liver detoxification)
  • Promotes health of connective tissue, joints, hair, skin, nails
  • Best sources – meat, fish, eggs, dairy products
Glutamic Acid
  • Precursor for Glutamate, the principle excitory brain neurotransmitter responsible for cognition, memory, movement, sensation and has interaction with specific neuronal receptors
  • Requires calcium to induce excitory effect
  • High levels of glutamate in brain over stimulates NDMA receptors leading to increased Nitric Oxide production leading to neurological disorders, stroke, dementia, epilepsy, Huntingdon’s, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, Hypoglycemia, trauma
  • Glutamic acid and glutamate act as amino acid precursors in synthesis of neurotransmitter GABA
Glutamine
  • Preferred respiratory furl in GI tract
  • Anti-inflammatory to GI tract
  • Conditionally essential for stress states: injury, sepsis and inflammation
  • Acts as nitrogen shuttle in blood; precursor for urinary ammonia
  • Best sources – eggs, whey protein
Glycine Used for synthesizing creatine
Proline
  • Main amino in collagen and needed in bone, skin and cartilage formation
  • Needed for maintaining joints and tendons and for tissue repair and healing
  • Can be formed from aminos Glutamine or Ornithine
  • Best sources: dairy products and eggs
Ornithine
  • Useful for stimulating growth hormone release
  • Helps build immune system, promote wound healing and support liver regeneration
  • Can be made from amino Arginine
Serine
  • Required for brain and central nervous system
  • Assists phospholipids in the body (in DNA and muscle building)
  • Important component of SAMe cycle (s-adenosylmethionine) critical for processes such as detoxification, gene regulation, hormone production
  • May act as neurotransmitter and modifier of nerve messaging processes, and regulation of cell cycles
  • Best sources:

Meat and dairy, wheat gluten, peanuts, soy

  • May be made in body from Glycine or Threonine (with support of B3, B6, Folic acid)
Tyrosine
  • Tyrosine is made from amino acid phenylalanine and is direct precursor to catecholamines epinephrine (adrenaline), norepinephrine (noradrenalin), dopamine and thyroid hormones (all stimulants of metabolism and nervous system)
  • Needs folic acid, vit C, copper and S-adenosylmethionine for metabolism, into tyrosine, or into melanin, estrogen, and enkephalines (pain killers)
  • May stimulate growth hormone, be anti-depressant, control anxiety, be mild appetite suppressant, is mild anti-oxidant
  • Useful for smoker, highly stressed people, people exposed to chemicals and radiation
  • Metabolism pathways – phenylalanine + folic acid, vit C, copper and S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe)
Taurine
  • Sulfur containing – can be made from methionine or cysteine
  • Trauma treatment – regulates heartbeat, prevents brain cell overactivity
  • Free form – does not bond to form protein
  • Required for phase 2 detoxification and bile acid conjugation reactions
  • May act as anti-oxidant
  • May regulate calcium in heart (and regulate heart beat), platelets and nervous system of pre-born children               end product of sulfur metabolism in body

Best sources

  • Highest in animal products – cheese, wild game, pork, milk, yogurt, eggs, turkey, chicken
  • High in wheatgerm, oats, chocolate   not commonly found in plants

Adapted from:

Murray, M. (2005). Encyclopedia of Healing Food. New York, N.Y.: Atria Books

Haas, E. (2006). Staying Healthy with Nutrition. Berkeley, CA: Celestial Healing Arts.

Bland, J., Costarella, L., Levin, B., Liska, D., Lukaczer, D., Schlitz, B., Schmidt, M., Lerman, R., Quinn, S., Jones, D. (2004). Clinical Nutrition: A Functional Approach, Second Edition. Gig Harbor, WA: The Institute for Functional Medicine.

One Comment Add yours

Spread the love and share what you are thinking!

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.